3 Types of Irony in Literature | Irony Definition & Examples


irony in english literature

Mar 29,  · Irony Examples in Literature That are Just Perfect for a Lazy Day. -Oxford English Dictionary With this type of irony the author/poet gives the reader some information that all or at least one of the characters in the play are completely in the dark about. This allows the audience to be one step ahead of the character and understand the Author: Tulika Nair. Aug 07,  · In this lesson, you will review the definition and purpose of irony in literature. Furthermore, you will look closer at situational irony and. Apr 09,  · Verbal irony tends to be funny; situational irony can be funny or tragic; and dramatic irony is often tragic. Irony in Shakespeare and Literature. Dramatic Irony in Othello. Othello is one of the most heartrending tragedies ever written, and Shakespeare’s use of dramatic irony is one of the reasons the play is so powerful to read and watch.

Irony - Examples and Definition of Irony in Literature

Share quotes from famous books or tips for budding writers. Brain research tells us that only twenty irony in english literature of human beings have a sense of irony, which means that eighty percent of the world takes everything at face value.

The literary device uses the incongruity of what is said and what is meant or understood as its basis. The actual meaning irony in english literature the statement lies beyond the obvious.

And that is the whole idea of using such a literary device - the author is relying on the reader's intelligence to discern the hidden meaning he wants to convey. Understanding irony takes a little time, patience, and perseverance. One way of interpreting the author's conveyed meaning is to look at some examples of irony from famous literary works. Examples of Verbal Irony in Literature Verbal irony is a statement in which the meaning that a speaker employs is sharply different from the meaning that is ostensibly expressed.

The ironic statement usually involves the explicit expression of one attitude or evaluation, but with indications in the overall speech-situation that the speaker intends a very different, and often opposite, attitude or evaluation. In literature, when a character makes a statement that has an underlying meaning in contrast with the literal meaning of the sentence, the author is said to have employed verbal irony.

Lemony Snicket: The Unauthorized AutobiographyLemony Snicket Today was a very cold and bitter day, as cold and bitter as a cup of hot chocolate, if the cup of hot chocolate had vinegar added to it and were placed in a refrigerator for several hours.

The author makes an ironic statement by using a simile that is obviously ironic in nature. He then proceeds to break down his simile, reversing its meaning. By creating a structure that is more complex than what a reader may usually expect, he creates a verbal irony that is enjoyable. This example from the famous Friends, Romans, irony in english literature, Countrymen As a reader, you are completely aware of the full impact of Antony's words which have a dark, underlying meaning to them, which is completely opposite to what has been said.

MacbethWilliam Shakespeare 'Twas a rough night In Act 2, Lennox, in a conversation with Macbeth, talks about the weird events of the previous night. Macbeth replies with this seemingly affirmative observation.

While Lennox is not able to grasp the full meaning of the statement, as a reader, you know that it an ironic reference to the murder of Duncan, irony in english literature.

Romeo and JulietWilliam Shakespeare Two households, both alike in dignity The opening line of Shakespeare's play leads the reader to believe that both the Capulet and Montague families are worthy of the respect that they are given in Verona.

As the story progresses, you realize that neither household is dignified. In fact, several of their actions are unworthy of their standing in society. Shakespeare employed irony to bring forth this situation, irony in english literature.

Examples of Dramatic Irony in Literature The incongruity created when the tragic significance of a character's speech or actions is revealed to the audience but unknown to the character concerned; the literary device so used, orig. This allows the audience to be one step ahead of the character and understand the irony in some of their actions.

Romeo and JulietWilliam Shakespeare Irony in english literature reader remains aware of the fact that Juliet takes a sleeping potion to feign death, and at the end of the play, when Romeo kills himself after thinking that Juliet is dead, the reader is struck by the tragic irony, irony in english literature. The Tragedy of Othello, the Moor of VeniceWilliam Shakespeare As the play progresses, the reader realizes that Iago is scheming to bring about Othello's downfall and that Desdemona has never been unfaithful to Othello, but Othello himself remains unaware of this and implicitly trusts Iago which causes his tragic end.

My Last DuchessRobert Browning The poem is narrated by a duke describing the portrait of his former wife who died of supposedly natural causes.

Throughout the poem, irony in english literature, the duke unwittingly lets on that he had her killed because of his uncontrollable jealousies, allowing the reader to see something about the duke that he would rather keep concealed. The Casque of AmontilladoEdgar Allan Poe In this story, the reader is aware from the very beginning that Montressor is planning the murder of Fortunato, but the latter remains unaware of this and he considers Montressor his friend.

The mystery for the reader remains the motive behind murder. The Reptile RoomLemony Snicket Simply put, dramatic irony is when a person makes a harmless remark, and someone else who hears it knows something that makes the remark have a different, and usually unpleasant, meaning. For instance, if you were in a restaurant and said out loud, "I can't wait to eat the veal marsala I ordered," and there were people around who knew that the veal marsala was poisoned and that you would die as soon as you took a bite, your situation would be one of dramatic irony.

Examples of Situational Irony in Literature Situational irony, irony in english literature, sometimes called irony of events, irony in english literature, is most broadly defined as a situation where the outcome is incongruous with what was expected, but it is also more generally understood as a situation that includes contradictions or sharp contrasts.

Press Situational irony is a style employed when the author creates a situation and irony in english literature the reader to believe that a certain ending is expected, when the actual ending is completely in contrast. The Wonderful Wizard of OzL.

Frank Baum The entire plot of the story is an example of situational irony. The protagonist, Dorothy travels to the wizard to discover a way to go home only to learn that she had the ability to do so all the time.

The Scarecrow wants to be intelligent, and he learns that he is a genius. The Woodsman thinks he is incapable of love and he discovers he has a heart. The Lion comes across as a huge coward who turns out to be extremely courageous and fearless. The Wizard who was revered by everyone turns out to be an eccentric old man with absolutely no special powers. But the death irony in english literature Mercutio and Romeo's pledge thereafter to kill Tybalt only escalates the situation and leads to his exile and both, his and Juliet's deaths.

The Love Song of J. Alfred PrufrockT. Eliot The poet compares the evening to "a patient etherized upon a table. The protagonist Madame Loise, in order to keep up appearances, borrows jewelry from a well-to-do friend and then loses it, irony in english literature.

Her husband and she replace the jewels but the replacement takes a toll on their financial conditions. Years later, irony in english literature, when she meets the same friend again, she learns that the jewels she replaces with real gemstones was mere costume jewelry.

Irony, though so oft used in popular media and literature, irony in english literature, is also irony in english literature of the most misused figures of speech, especially after the release of irony in english literature song 'Ironic' by Alanis Morissette which ironically talks more about coincidences. With these examples, you will know how the literary device should be actually used.

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Definitions and Examples of Irony in Literature


irony in english literature


Apr 26,  · As a literary device, irony is often misunderstood. Although many of us learn about irony in our high school English classes through works of theater like Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet or Sophocles’s Oedipus Rex, many people feel unsure of what irony means—or how to use it correctly. But when deployed with skill, irony is a powerful tool that adds depth and substance to a piece of writing. Definition of Irony. Irony is a figure of speech in which words are used in such a way that their intended meaning is different from the actual meaning of the words. It may also be a situation that ends up in quite a different way than what is generally anticipated. In simple words, it is . Aug 07,  · In this lesson, you will review the definition and purpose of irony in literature. Furthermore, you will look closer at situational irony and.